The information is publicly available and easily obtainable in machine-readable formats via a central location or registry. It is provided free of charge under an open licence.
French Agency for Development (Agence Francaise de Developpement)
African Development Bank
Asian Development Bank
Australia Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Bilateral institutions, such as USAID, operate on a government to government basis to implement their aid programmes.
German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development
(Bundesministerium fur wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung)
The common standard sets out good practice in reporting and publishing aid information. It combines three complementary systems and processes: the OECD DAC’s Creditor Reporting System (CRS) and the Forward Spending Survey (FSS) and IATI.
Information is disaggregated and detailed to allow different users to access, use and compare it with other international data sets in many ways. At present, the only standard that allows this for aid flows is IATI.
Information is detailed and complete, both in terms of breadth (all the different types of foreign assistance
Creditor Reporting System (of the OECD DAC)
Civil society organisation
Comma separated values
For the purposes of the 2016 Index, “current” is defined as published within the 12 months immediately prior to the data collection period (01 October 2014 –30 September 2015), so information published on 01 October 2014 or later and that relates to that date or later is accepted as current.
Development Assistance Committee (of the OECD)
How useful the data is for different users. To be considered high quality, the data needs to be comprehensive, timely, accessible and comparable.
Development Finance Institution
Department for International Development (UK government)
Directorate General Development and Cooperation
Department of Defense (U.S. government)
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department (European Commission)
European Disaster Response Information System
European Investment Bank
Freedom of Information
Financial Tracking Service (of UN OCHA)
Group of Seven (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK and U.S.)
Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization
German Agency for International Cooperation (Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit)
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria
Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation
HyperText Markup Language
Inter-American Development Bank
The International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) aims to make information about aid spending easier to find, use and compare. It is a voluntary, multi-stakeholder initiative that seeks to improve the transparency of aid in order to increase its effectiveness in tackling poverty.
The site on which raw IATI data in XML format can be found. The site provides links to publishers’ raw data files and includes a basic preview function.
The IATI Standard is a technical publishing framework. It uses an XML format, a machine-readable “mark-up” language that allows programmes to extract data and present it in a comparable and accessible way.
International Development Association (World Bank)
International Finance Corporation (World Bank)
International Financial Institution
International Monetary Fund
Interoperability is the extent to which systems or standards can exchange data, and interpret and present that shared data to produce useful results, as defined by the end users of the different systems or standards. The design goals of XML emphasize simplicity, generality and usability over the Internet.
Japan International Cooperation Agency
Korea International Cooperation Agency
Information that is presented in a structured way (not free text) that can be read automatically by a computer. Formats such as XML or spreadsheets (Excel, CSV) are machine-readable formats. Traditional word processed documents, HTML and PDF files are easily read by humans but are difficult for machines to interpret.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development (le Ministère des Affaires Étrangères et du Développement International – French government)
Millennium Challenge Corporation
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that were established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. All 189 United Nations member states at the time and at least 23 international organizations committed to help achieve these goals.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Economy, Finance and Industry (le Ministère de l’
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Commerce (China government)
A Memorandum of Understanding is a document which details the agreement usually between the organisation and recipient government for the provision of aid in the country.
Multilateral institutions, such as the World Bank and UNICEF, pool aid from one or more sources for disbursal to different recipients.
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (United Nations)
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Official Development Assistance (ODA) refers to flows to countries and to multilateral institutions which are provided by official agencies to promote the economic development and welfare of developing countries as its main objective. They are concessional in character and convey a grant element of at least 25 per cent (see full definition on OECD DAC website).
Official Development Finance (ODF)
Official Development Finance (ODF) refers to flows to recipient countries, including bilateral ODA, grants, concessional and non-concessional loans by multilateral financial institutions, and Other Official Flows (OOF) for development purposes (see full definition on OECD DAC website).
Open Government Partnership
The legal licence under which information is made available is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute the information
Open source refers to a programme in which the source code is available to the general public for use and/or modification from its original design free of charge.
Other Official Flows
Other Official Flows (OOF) are transactions by the official sector with countries which do not meet the conditions for eligibility as ODA, either because they are not primarily aimed at development, or because they have a grant element of less than 25 per cent (see full definition on OECD DAC website).
Portable Document Format
Post-2015 Development Agenda
The Post-2015 Development Agenda refers to a process led by the United Nations (UN) that aims to help define the future global development framework that will succeed the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), a set of eight global development targets which came to an end in 2015.
Right to Information
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation
Sustainable Development Goals
Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Information is current and provided frequently (at least quarterly and preferably monthly), so it can be mapped by different actors against any budget cycle.
Capturing the full
United States of America
United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Children
Uniform Resource Locator
United States Agency for International Development
United States Dollar
World Health Organization (United Nations)
Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a computer language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is readable by both humans and machines.