German Foreign Office (Auswärtiges Amt)
Brazilian Cooperation Agency (Agencia Brasileira de Cooperacao)
The information is publicly available and easily obtainable in machine-readable formats via a central location or registry. It is provided free of charge under an open licence.
Spanish Agency for International Development
(Agencia Espanola de Cooperacion Internacional para el Desarrollo)
French Agency for Development (Agence Francaise de Developpement)
African Development Bank
Asian Development Bank
Aid Transparency Index
Australian Agency for International Development
Bilateral institutions, such as USAID, operate on a government to government basis to implement their aid programmes.
German Ministry of Finance (Bundesministerium der Finanzen)
German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development
(Bundesministerium fur wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung)
Busan Partnership Agreement
Canadian International Development Agency
Information is disaggregated and detailed to allow different users to access, use and compare it with other international data sets in many ways. At present, the only standard that allows this for aid flows is IATI.
Information is detailed and complete, both in terms of breadth (all the different types of foreign assistance – development, humanitarian, post conflict, security, etc.) and depth (detailed enough for others to be able plan on the basis of that information).
Creditor Reporting System (of the OECD DAC)
Civil society organisation
Comma separated values
For the purposes of the 2013 Index, “current” is defined as published within the 12 months immediately prior to the data collection period (1 May–31 July 2013), so information published on 1 May 2012 or later and that relates to that date or later is accepted as current.
Development Assistance Committee (of the OECD)
How useful the data is for different users. To be considered high quality, the data needs to be comprehensive, timely, accessible and comparable.
Development Finance Institution
Department for International Development (UK government)
Directorate General Development and Cooperation – EuropeAid (European Commission)
Department of Defense (U.S. government)
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department (European Commission)
European Disaster Response Information System
European External Action Service (European Commission)
European Investment Bank
Foreign and Commonwealth Office (UK government)
Freedom of Information (Act)
Foreign Policy Instruments Service (European Commission)
Forward Spending Survey (of the DAC)
Financial Tracking Service (of UN OCHA)
Group of Eight
Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization
German Agency for International Cooperation (Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit)
Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation
German Agency for Technical Cooperation (Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit)
Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness
High Level Panel (United Nations)
HyperText Markup Language
Inter-American Development Bank
The International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) aims to make information about aid spending easier to find, use and compare. It is a voluntary, multi-stakeholder initiative that seeks to improve the transparency of aid in order to increase its effectiveness in tackling poverty.
The IATI standard is a technical publishing framework. It uses an XML format, a machine-readable “mark-up” language that allows programmes to extract data and present it in a comparable and accessible way.
International Development Association (World Bank)
International Fund for Agricultural Development (United Nations)
International Finance Corporation (World Bank)
International Financial Institution
International Labour Organization
International Monetary Fund
Interoperability is the extent to which systems or standards can exchange data, and interpret and present that shared data to produce useful results, as defined by the end users of the different systems or standards. The design goals of XML emphasize simplicity, generality and usability over the Internet.
Japan International Cooperation Agency
Korea International Cooperation Agency
Information that is presented in a structured way (not free text) that can be read automatically by a computer. Formats such as XML or spreadsheets (Excel, CSV) are machine-readable formats. Traditional word processed documents, HTML and PDF files are easily read by humans but are difficult for machines to interpret.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (le Ministère des Affaires étrangères) – French government
Millennium Challenge Corporation
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (World Bank)
Ministry of Economy, Finance and Industry (le Ministère de l’Économie et des Finances) – French government
Ministry of Defence (UK government)
Ministry of Commerce (China government)
Memorandum of Understanding
Multilateral institutions, such as the World Bank and UNICEF, pool aid from one or more sources for disbursal to different recipients.
New Zealand Aid Programme
Open Aid Partnership
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (United Nations)
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Official Development Assistance (ODA) refers to flows to countries and to multilateral institutions which are provided by official agencies to promote the economic development and welfare of developing countries as its main objective. They are concessional in character and convey a grant element of at least 25 per cent (see full definition on OECD DAC website).
Official Development Finance (ODF)
Official Development Finance (ODF) refers to flows to recipient countries, including bilateral ODA, grants, concessional and non-concessional loans by multilateral financial institutions, and Other Official Flows (OOF) for development purposes (see full definition on OECD DAC website).
Open Government Partnership
Office of Management and Budget (Executive Office of the U.S. President)
The legal licence under which information is made available is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute the information — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or share-alike.
Open source refers to a programme in which the source code is available to the general public for use and/or modification from its original design free of charge.
Office of Technical Assistance (U.S. Treasury)
Other Official Flows
Other Official Flows (OOF) are transactions by the official sector with countries which do not meet the conditions for eligibility as ODA, either because they are not primarily aimed at development, or because they have a grant element of less than 25 per cent (see full definition on OECD DAC website).
Portable Document Format
President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
Right to Information
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation
Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Information is current and provided frequently (at least quarterly and preferably monthly), so it can be mapped by different actors against any budget cycle.
Transparent Aid (aid database of the European Commission)
Capturing the full ‘supply chain’ of aid, tracking the granting, re-granting and subcontracting of aid through to its final delivery to the intended beneficiary.
United States of America
United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
United Nations Population Fund
United Nations Children’s Fund
United Nations Office for Project Services
Uniform Resource Locator
United States Agency for International Development
United States Dollar
World Health Organization (United Nations)
Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a computer language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is readable by both humans and machines.